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答完形填空题易出错的五种情形

时间:2018-8-3 13:52:26

熟词生义掌握不全面
  所谓“熟词生义”,就是指有些词尽管我们认识,但当它们出现在完形填空题或者阅读理解题中时,我们如果根据其常见的含义来理解的话,会导致理解错误、文不对题、不知所云。这时,我们就要换个角度,根据这些词的特殊含义进行理解。同学们平时要注意这些“熟词生义”的练习和巩固。
  例1 He looked surprised, but got right to work, trying to find the____tire.
  A. spare
  B.free
  C.full
  D.empty
  易錯分析:spare的熟义是“抽出时间”。
  解析:在这篇文章中,spare意为“备用的”。答案为A。
  例 2
  Not too long ago, an incident that happened at Walt Disnev touchedme greatly.A guest told the front- desk clerk she had had a wonderful vacation. but was heartbroken about losing several rolls of Kodak color film she had not yet____
  A.developed
  B.taken
  C.washed
  D.loaded
  易错分析:develop的熟义是“发展”。
  解析:film在此意为“胶片”,develop意为“冲印”。答案为A。
  忽视语境关系
  近几年高考英语完形填空题的最大特点是重点考查语境理解。所谓语境,就是指文章上下文之间的联系,它包括文章语气的一致性、意思的连贯性、表述的合理性、论证的逻辑性等。因为完形填空题主要考查考生对语境的理解能力,所以空格的前后多有暗示(后文暗示前文的居多)。同学们在做题时,一定要从整体上把握文章的内容,弄清文章的结构和文章的内在逻辑关系,结合语境辨析所给选项,从中选出最符合语境的选项。
  例3
  A Heroic Driver
  Larry works with Transport Drivers, Inc. One mom-ing in 2009, Larry was____along 165 north after de-livering to one of his customers.
  A. walking B.touring C.traveling D.rushing
  易错分析:有些同学容易忽视语境关系,从而盲目地选择自认为正确的某个选项。
  解析:根据Larry的工作性质和下文的delivering可知,他送完货后应该是开着车沿着公路行驶。故用travel表示“(以某速度、朝某方向或在某距离内)行进”,而walk意为“步行”,rush意为“快速运输,速送”,tour意为“观光旅行”,在此均不符合语境。答案为C。
  忽视背景关系
  例4
  It had been a year since Susan became blind. As the result of an accident she was suddenly thrown into a world of darkness. Susan's husband Mark watched her sink into hopelessness and he was deter-mined to use every possible means to help his wife.

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