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和美国人交流的注意事项

时间:2017-2-22 13:31:35

Speaking English is not only about using proper grammar. To use English effectively, you need to understand the culture in which it is spoken. Here are a number of important tips to remember when speaking English in the United States.
  说英语时不仅仅是正确使用语法,想要有效地使用英语,需要了解语言使用国的文化。如果你在美国说英语,那么下面这些注意事项是你应该了解的。
  Americans have difficulties understanding foreign accents: Many Americans are not used to foreign accents. This requires patience from both of you!
  美国人理解外国口音有困难:很多美国人不习惯外国口音,所以双方在交谈时都需要有耐心。
  Conversation Tips
  交谈秘籍
  Speak about location: Americans love to talk about location. When speaking to a stranger, ask them where they are from and then make a connection with that place. For example: “Oh, I have a friend who studied in Los Angeles. He says it’s a beautiful place to live.” Most Americans will then willingly talk about their experiences living or visiting that particular city or area.
  谈论地点:美国人喜欢谈论地点。和陌生人说话的时候,可以问问他们从哪里来,然后找到自己跟那个地方的联系。比如,你可以说:“啊,我有个朋友在洛杉矶学习,他说那地方很漂亮。”这时大部分美国人就会很愿意谈起他们居住或者到过哪个特殊的地方或地区的经历。
  Talk about work: Americans commonly ask “What do you do?”. It’s not considered impolite (as in some countries) and is a popular topic of discussion between strangers.
  谈论工作:美国人通常会问“你是做什么工作的?”。在某些国家这会被认为是不礼貌的,但在美国不是这样,在美国谈论工作是陌生人之间聊天的一个热门话题。
  Talk about sports: Americans love sports! However, they love American sports. When speaking about football, most Americans understand “American football”, not soccer.
  谈论运动:美国人热爱运动!不过,他们是喜欢美国的运动。如果说到football,大部分美国人会理解成橄榄球而不是足球。
  Be careful when expressing ideas about race, religion or other sensitive topics. Talking about topics like religion or beliefs is often avoided in order to be sure not to offend someone of a different belief system.
  说到种族、宗教或者其他敏感话题要小心,像宗教或者信仰之类的话题通常都不在谈话中提及,以免冒犯别人。
  Addressing People
  对人的称呼
  Use last names with people you do not know: Address people using their title (Mr, Ms) and their last names.
  对不认识的人要称呼他们的姓:用他们的头衔(先生、女士等)加上他们的姓。
  Always use “Ms” when addressing women: It is important to use “Ms” when addressing a woman. Only use “Mrs” when the woman has asked you to do so!
  称呼女性的时候通常用“Ms”:称呼女性的时候用“Ms”,这很重要。如果对方要求你称呼“Mrs”, 那再照辦就好了。
  Many Americans prefer first names: Americans often prefer using first names, even when dealing with people in very different positions. Americans will generally say, “Call me Tom.” and then expect you to remain on a first name basis.

很多美国人喜欢被叫名字:美国人通常喜欢用他们的名字,即使是和身份非常不同的人打交道时也这样。他们通常会说:“叫我Tom。”然后真的希望你用他们的名字来称呼他们。
  Americans prefer informal: In general, Americans prefer informal greetings and using first names or nicknames when speaking with colleagues and acquaintances.
  美国人不拘小节:通常情况下,美国人喜欢非正式的问候,提到他们的同事或熟人時喜欢使用名字或者昵称。
  Public Behavior
  公共场合的行为
  Always shake hands: Americans shake hands when greeting each other. This is true for both men and women. Other forms of greeting such as kissing on the cheeks is generally not appreciated.
  常握手:美国人相互致意的时候喜欢握手,这是男女通用的。亲吻脸颊之类的其他方式通常是不推荐的。
  Look your partner in the eye: Americans look each other in the eyes when they are speaking as a way of showing that they are sincere.
  看对方的眼睛:美国人说话时会看着对方的眼睛,以表达他们的真诚。
  Don’t hold hands: Same-sex friends do not usually hold hands or put their arms around each other in public in the United States.
  别拉手:在美国,同性朋友在公共场合通常不会手拉手或者挽住对方的胳膊。
  Smoking is Out! Smoking, especially in public places, is strongly disapproved of by most Americans in the modern United States.
  吸烟很老土:在当代的美国,吸烟,尤其是在公共场合吸烟,是非常不被大众接受的行为。

作者:不详 来源:网友发布
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