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初中英语常用词语大全

时间:2010-6-12 10:03:45

1.ask(tell,order) sb. (not) to do  sth.  请求(要求;命令)某人(不)做某事
2.see(hear,find) sb. do    看见(听见,发现)某人经常做或做过某事
                doing           正在做某事
3.do some doing        做做某事
4.go doing                  去做某事
5.had better (not) do            最好(不)做某事
6.finish(enjoy; give up) doing     做完(喜欢,.放弃)某事
  Would you mind doing...?     你介意做某事吗?
7.Thank you for doing      感谢你做某事    [介词后用动名词]
  What(How) about doing...?     你认为做某事怎么样?
8.be busy doing         忙于做某事
         with
9.keep sb. doing        使某人一直做某事
 keep(get,make) sth. 形容词(作宾补) 使某物怎么样
10.decide(refuse) to do       决定(拒绝)做某事
11.Why not do...?       为什么不做某事
12.make(let) sb. (not) do       使(让)某人(不)做某事
  make sth. to do                 制作某物为了干什么
13.can (not) do         (不)能做某事     [情态动词后用动词原形]
14.stop to do               停下来去做某事
      doing      停止做某事
15.go on working    继续做工作
   go on with one's work
   work on
   keep (on) working
   don't stop working
   continue working
   go on to work(原先不在工作)
16. be made to do              被迫做某事       [被动语态后用"to do"]
   be made by sb.             被某人制造
   be made in some place       在某地制造
   be made of sth.             用什么质料制造
   be made from sth.           用什么原料制造
   be made up of sth. and sth.   由什么组成
17.like (enjoy,be keen on) doing   喜欢做某事
   would like to do           想要做某事
   want to do; would be interested to do
18.It takes sb. some time to do sth. 做某事花费某人多少时间
19.be late for(come late to)       ……迟到
20.be(get) interested in           对(开始)……感兴趣
21.be pleased with             对……感到满意
22.be full of                  充满……
   be filled with              装满……
23.operate on                 对……动手术
24.get(be) ready for              为……作准备
   get sth. ready              把……准备好
25.show sb. around             带领某人参观……
   show sth. to sb.            把……给某人看
26.be friendly to              对……友好
   It's very friendly of you!      (你)真好啊!
27.be thankful to sb.          对……感激
28.have gone (been) to         去了(去过)……
   have been in               一直在……
29.thousands of                成千个……
   two thousand              两千个……
30.both...and...               既……又……;两者都
   neither...nor...            既不……也不……;两者都不
   either...or...              既……又……;或者……或者……
   not only...but also...      不但……而且……
31.be good at                擅长于……
   do well in                ……学得好
32.be good for; be helpful to   对……有益
   be bad for; be harmful to    对……有害
33.think about(over)           考虑(仔细考虑)
   think of                  想念;想到
34.work out the problem        算出习题
   answer the question         回答问题
35.play with( / ,the)                玩东西(打球,奏乐器)
36.borrow ...from             从某人那里借进……
   lend ...to                 把……借出去给某人
   keep ...                  借……(一段时间)
37.(not) as(so)...as...         (不)象……一样
38.so(such)...that...          这样……以致于……
39.for (单词);  so that (从句)   为了
   so as to ...      (不定式)
   in order to ...   (不定式)
40.at night; in the day(time)      在夜里(白天)

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   on the night of             在(某天)夜里
41.some medicine for           治……的药
42.There's something wrong with ……有毛病
43.What's wrong with you?      你怎么啦?
   What's the matter with you?
44.speak English(say it in English) 说英语(用英语说它)
45.take a message for …to…     为……带口信给
   leave a message for         给……留口信
   give a message to           给……口信
46.What's the weather like...?    ……天气怎么样?
   How is the weather ...?
47.in front of                  在……前面      ♀     
   in the front of              在……前部      ♀     
48.have a good time            玩得高兴,过得愉快
   have a great(lovely) day
   enjoy oneself
   enjoy one's time
   enjoy every minute of it
49.agree with sb. on sth.            同意某人关于……
   agree to sth.                   同意什么
50.all (different) kinds of       各种
51.as soon as possible          尽快地
   as soon as sb. can
52.at home; in               在家
   at Tom's; in Tom's home        在汤姆家
53.at the moment (now)           此刻(现在)
   at the moment (at that time)     那时刻(当时)
54. be able to; manage to         能(办到某事)
   be able to; can                 会(做某事)
55.be covered with            被……覆盖
56.be famous for              以……出名
57.be proud of                为……自豪
58.by the way                 顺便说
   in this way                用这种方法
   on one's way (to)           在……路上
   get in the way                  挡道,妨碍
59.used to do                 过去常做
   be used to doing           习惯于
   be used to do                  被用来为了
60.from time to time; sometimes  不时地; 有时候
  once for a while; now and then     断断续续; 时而,
61.make friends with           与……交朋友
62.praise sb. for sth.           为某事表扬某人
63.didn't do; wasn't able to do    没做; 没能(办到)
   failed to do
64.We are going to have a match...             [两个"进行"]
   There is going to be a match...
65.He died two years ago.                       [两个"死"]
   He has been dead for two years.
66.He bought a bike a month ago.                 [两个"买"]
   He has had this bike for a month.
67.He came to Shanghai last year.                [两个"来"]
   He has been in Shanghai since last year.
68.He left Shanghai last week.                    [两个"离开"]
   He has been away from Shanghai since last week.
69.He borrowed this book three days ago.           [两个"借"]
   He has kept this book for three days.
70.Where did you go...?                       [ 两个"什么地方"]
   What place did you visit...?
71.How long did you stay...?                    [两个"多少时间"]
   How much time did you spend...?
72.of one's own                               [两个"属于自己"]
   belong to sb.(宾格)
73.an hour and a half                         [两个"一个半小时"]
   one and a half hours
74.replace; take the place of (动词)               [几个"代替"]
   instead of; in place of   (介词词组)
   instead             (副词)
75.take a bus         (动词词组)              [两个"乘车"]
   by bus; in a bus       (介词词组)
76.the Games were held ...                  [两个"举行"]
   the Games took place ...
77.This happened ...                           [两个"发生"]
   This took place ...
78.have to ...                                 [两个"必须"]
   must
79.don't have to do                            [四个"不必"]
   don’t need to do
   needn't do
   don’t need any help
80.work it out  (副词词组)             [两个 it 的位子]
   go over it   (介词词组)
81.look after ...well                          [两个"很好地照顾"]
   take good care of
82.protect sb. from                           [两个"保护……免受"]
   keep sb. off
83.Please...,will you? Let us...,will you? Let's...,shall we? [几句特殊的反意疑问句]
   I don’t think it is …, is it? We had to …, didn’t we?
   I’m …, aren’t I? We’d better…, hadn’t we?
84.Will you take me to the zoo, Mum?        带去   [三个"带"]
   Would you please bring me some water?   带来
   He used to carry a bag in his hand.        带着
85.help sb. with sth.                           [三个"帮助"]
   help sb. do
   help sb. to do sth.
86.Wait(Just) a moment.                    [几个电话用语"等一下"]
   Wait(just) a minute.
   Hold on;  Hold the line.
87.hurry off                                 [几个"匆忙离开"]
   leave quickly
   go away in a hurry(hurriedly)
88.take part in(join in; go in for)     参加(活动)  [几个"参加"]
   join                       加入(组织)
   attend                     出席(会议,球赛,夜校,演讲)
   enter for                  (报名)参加
   take                       进行(考测)
89.He is a doctor, too(as well).       (肯定)          [几个"也"]
   He is also a doctor.             (肯定)
   He is not a doctor, either.        (否定)
   So is(has; does) he.   (肯定)
   Neither(Nor) is(has; does) he. (否定)
90.Not yet.                      还没有。    [几个"not"]
   not...any more(any longer)    再也不……
   not...at all                  根本不……
   not...but                    不是……而是
   not...until                   直到……才
91.again; once more            再次       [几种 "再"]
   again and again            再三
   over and over
92.spend ... (in) doing                      [几个"花费"]
          on [跟名词]
   pay (the money) for sth.
   sth. cost sb. ...
   it takes sb. some time to do sth.

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93.Shall I...?     No, you needn't.  你不必要…… [几对情态动词问答]
   Would you like me to do...?  No, you needn’t.  你不必要……
   Must I...?     No, you needn't.  你不必要……
                 I’m afraid you must. 恐怕你有必要……
   May I...?  No, you mustn't(can’t).         你不应该(你不能)……
           No, you may not.          你不可以……
           I'm sorry you can't.       很遗憾你不能……
           I'm afraid you can't.      恐怕你不能……
94.     many                much                   [几个"许多"]
       (可数)  lots of(a lot of)  (不可数)
      quite a few         huge amounts of
   a large number of       a great deal of
95.He must have had supper.        必定;肯定     [表示猜测]
   Probably he’s had supper.
   He may be at home.              可能
   He’s possibly at home.
   Perhaps(Maybe) he’s in.
   He can't be in the room.        不可能
   He’s impossibly in the room.
96.He has lived here since 1988.             [点用"since";段用"for"]
   He has lived here for seven years.
97.He will be back after ten o'clock.         [点用"after";段用"in"]
   He will be back in ten hours.
98.He has waited for you since I came here.         ["现完";"一过"]
   ("since"译为"既然"时,例外。如:Since all of us are present, let’s begin our meeting.)
   He has gone to the park.          [过去的动作,没有信号,用现在完成时]
99.He will come if it doesn't rain tomorrow.        [主"将";从"现"]
   Please teach me English after he leaves.         ["命令";从"现"]
   You can go as soon as the class is over.         ["情态";从"现"]
   Water is turned into ice when it is made cold enough.   ["一现";从"现"]
100. He is in charge of the restaurant.                            [几个“负责”]
    His job is to be in charge of the restaurant.
    The restaurant is in the charge of him.
    He is responsible for the restaurant.
He has the duty of the restaurant.
He takes charge of the restaurant.
 

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